Background information 3

History / Writing / Recording

History Significant Individuals:
HERODOTUS(c.484 - 425 BC) shared views / approaches THUCYDIDES(c.460 - 400 BC)
  History should be scientific - not mythical.  
  History should be critical of sources & evidence.  
  History should attempt to separate the true from the false.  
A critical attitude to evidence.
Summarizes the dramatic change in intellectual culture at this time, especially in Athens.

VERY critical & selective attitude to evidence. Raised issues of a) fallibility of human memory, and b) prejudice.
Wrote about the Persian Wars in his Histories - events in the relatively near past. Wrote about the Peloponnesian War because he had lived through it.
Written to be read aloud, for hearing. Written for re-reading and studying
Homeric style - still essentially part of the oral tradition Forensic in style.
Written to retell and record stories and traditions. Written to be a possession for all time, to be appreciated fully only outside the context of a live recitation.
However, BOTH were dependent on the oral as their primary source of evidence…
H. covered broad bands of time space, Greek and non-Greek affairs.   …therefore, T. limited himself to contemporary history, that which he'd seen/heard for himself - or at most, first hand interviews with reliable witnesses.
Summary Writing: Greek Literature: Different forms of writing: